​亚马逊宣布投百亿美元发射3236颗卫星,挑战Starlink, 美国民营企业的“星球大战”爆发……(美國美中報道)

Amazon.com公司(AMZN.O)周四表示,将投资100多亿美元,建设一个3236颗卫星的网络,为全球缺乏这种接入的人提供高速宽带互联网服务。

此前,联邦通信委员会批准了这项名为”Kuiper项目”的计划,该计划涉及低地球轨道(LEO)卫星星座,将与伊隆·马斯克的SpaceX正在建造的星链接网络竞争。本周,亚马逊公布其26年历史上最大的利润。

“这样规模的项目需要大量努力和资源,而且,由于狮子座星座的性质,它并不是能够小起小做起的那种主动性。你必须承诺,”该公司在一篇博文中说。亚马逊表示,该项目还将惠及将5G和其他无线服务部署到新地区的无线运营商。

相比之下,SpaceX已经发射了500多颗卫星,预计其星链接星座在低地球轨道,并计划在今年年底之前在美国和加拿大提供宽带服务。FCC 于 2018 年批准了 SpaceX 的请求。

SpaceX总裁GwynneS次射门韦尔今年2月提出了将星链接分拆为未来数年首次公开募股的想法,他表示,Starlink星座将耗资约100亿美元。

虽然部署成本极高,但卫星技术可以为居住在农村或难以提供服务的地方的光纤电缆和基站无法到达的人们提供高速互联网。当飓风或其他自然灾害中断通信时,该技术也可能成为关键的后盾。

FCC授权以5比0的投票结果通过,要求亚马逊在2026年年中之前发射一半的卫星,并在2029年年中之前建造星座的其余部分。

亚马逊表示,一旦578颗卫星发射,它将开始提供宽带服务。

周四,它在其网站上发布了”Kuiper项目”的110个空缺职位。这些卫星将在华盛顿雷德蒙德的一个新的研发设施进行设计和测试。

以下是亚马逊公告全文(中文翻译仅供参考、英文为准)

亚马逊获得FCC批准项目奎珀卫星星座

第一天

2020年7月30日

去年春天,我们宣布了Kuiper项目,这是一个旨在建立低地球轨道(LEO)卫星星座的倡议,能够向世界各地未得到服务和服务不足的社区提供可靠、负担得起的宽带服务。

今天标志着该项目的一个重要里程碑,联邦通信委员会(FCC)以5-0的投票结果批准亚马逊部署和运行我们的3,236颗卫星星座。该授权允许Kuiper项目在美国提供基于卫星的宽带服务,帮助扩大全国家庭和社区的互联网接入。

这种规模的项目需要付出大量努力和资源,而且,由于低地轨道星座的性质,它并不是能够小起小做起的那种主动性。项目需要承诺。亚马逊将在Kuiper项目上投资超过100亿美元。这项投资将在美国各地创造就业机会和基础设施,建立和扩展我们的地面网络,加快卫星测试和制造,让我们提供一个经济实惠的客户终端,使世界各地的社区都能获得快速、可靠的宽带接入。

亚马逊高级副总裁戴夫•林普(Dave Limp)表示:”我们最近听到过很多关于人们因为家里没有可靠的互联网而无法完成工作或完成功课的故事。”仍有太多地方的宽带接入不可靠,或者根本不存在。奎珀会改变这一点。我们的100亿美元投资将在美国各地创造就业机会和基础设施,帮助我们缩小这一差距。我们感谢FCC在这个问题上的一致支持,我要感谢派主席和委员会其他成员与我们迈出了重要的第一步。我们将加入比赛。

Kuiper 项目将为传统光纤或无线网络无法覆盖的地方提供高速、低延迟的宽带服务。它受到世界各地客户的启发:家庭在家共同工作和学习;科学家和研究人员在偏远地区工作;提供救灾的急救人员;以及各种规模的公司将业务进行在线移动。Kuiper项目将为个体户,以及学校、医院、企业和其他在没有可靠宽带的地方运作的组织服务。

Kuiper 项目技术副总裁 Rajeev Badyal 表示:”我们正在做大量发明,以对客户有意义的价格提供快速、可靠的宽带。”基于LEO的宽带系统(如Kuiper项目)带来了巨大的挑战,我们组建了一支世界级的工程师和科学家团队,致力于实现我们对Kuiper项目的愿景,为每个人提供一个安全、可持续的环境。结合亚马逊在网络和基础设施方面深厚的专业知识,以及为如此庞大的事业提供资金的能力,我对这些未得到服务、服务不足的社区的影响持乐观态度。

我们还致力于与与共同愿景的公共部门和私营部门合作伙伴合作。除了直接为客户提供地面站服务外,Kuiper 项目还将为无线运营商提供回程解决方案,将 LTE 和 5G 服务扩展到新区域。这些项目将共同扩大宽带接入到美国和世界各地更多的家庭。

Kuiper 项目将在我们位于华盛顿州雷德蒙德的全新的研发设施中设计和测试。Kuiper 团队发展迅速,那些受我们使命启发并有兴趣加入多元化世界级团队的团队的人可以在这里查看开放的角色。

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Company news

Amazon receives FCC approval for Project Kuiper satellite constellation

By Day One Staff

on July 30, 2020

Last spring, we announced Project Kuiper, an initiative to build a low earth orbit (LEO) satellite constellation capable of providing reliable, affordable broadband service to unserved and underserved communities around the world.

Today marked a key milestone for the project, with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) granting Amazon approval by a 5-0 vote to deploy and operate our constellation of 3,236 satellites. The authorization allows Project Kuiper to deliver satellite-based broadband services in the United States, helping expand internet access to households and communities across the country.

A project of this scale requires significant effort and resources, and, due to the nature of LEO constellations, it is not the kind of initiative that can start small. You have to commit. Amazon will invest more than $10 billion in Project Kuiper. This investment will create jobs and infrastructure around the United States, build and scale our ground network, accelerate satellite testing and manufacturing, and let us deliver an affordable customer terminal that will make fast, reliable broadband accessible to communities around the world.

“We have heard so many stories lately about people who are unable to do their job or complete schoolwork because they don’t have reliable internet at home,” said Dave Limp, Senior Vice President, Amazon. “There are still too many places where broadband access is unreliable or where it doesn’t exist at all. Kuiper will change that. Our $10 billion investment will create jobs and infrastructure around the United States that will help us close this gap. We appreciate the FCC’s unanimous, bipartisan support on this issue, and I want to thank Chairman Pai and the rest of the Commission for taking this important first step with us. We’re off to the races.”

Project Kuiper will deliver high-speed, low-latency broadband service to places beyond the reach of traditional fiber or wireless networks. It is inspired by customers in every corner of the world: by families working and learning together from home; by scientists and researchers operating in remote locations; by first responders providing disaster relief; and by companies of all sizes moving their business online. Project Kuiper will serve individual households, as well as schools, hospitals, businesses and other organizations operating in places without reliable broadband.

“We are doing an incredible amount of invention to deliver fast, reliable broadband at a price that makes sense for customers,” said Rajeev Badyal, Vice President of Technology for Project Kuiper. “LEO-based broadband systems like Project Kuiper present a huge number of challenges, and we have assembled a world-class team of engineers and scientists who are committed to delivering on our vision for Project Kuiper and keeping space a safe, sustainable environment for everyone. Combine that with Amazon’s deep expertise in networking and infrastructure and its ability to finance such a huge undertaking, and I am optimistic about the impact we can have for these unserved and underserved communities.”

We are also committed to working with public and private sector partners that share our vision for the project. In addition to providing ground station service directly to customers, Project Kuiper will also provide backhaul solutions for wireless carriers extending LTE and 5G service to new regions. Together, these projects will expand broadband access to more households in the United States and around the world.

Project Kuiper will be designed and tested in our all-new research and development facility opening in Redmond, Wash. The Kuiper team is growing quickly, and those inspired by our mission and interested in joining a diverse, world-class team can view open roles here.


(来源:玖万投资、Amazon )

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