#美国2020年人口普查# 美国用多种语言展开人口普查以确保不落下任何人(美國美中報道)

#美国2020年人口普查# 美国用多种语言展开人口普查以确保不落下任何人

美国政府正在用十几种语言进行每十年一次的人口普查,以确保将全国所有人统计在内。人口普查结果关系到国会选区代表的分配和公共预算拨款。

美国人口普查局(U.S. Census Bureau)局长史蒂文·迪林厄姆(Steven Dillingham)在3月9日发布的声明中说,“通过让各个家庭可以用英文及其他12种语言在网上或通过电话回答提问,我们为居民提供了参与统计的手段,促使他们塑造自己的未来”。

根据人口普查局的一项美国社区调查(American Community Survey),西班牙语是美国除英语以外的第二大日常交流语言,反映出移民结构对国家形态的影响。但是,本次调查问卷也使用了德文、法文、中文、越南文、韩文、俄文、阿拉伯文等,以便确保让99%的人能够用他们在家中使用的语言回答提问。

大约1300万个家庭,即大约9%,将收到英文和西班牙文的双语调查问卷。人口普查局还提供包括美国哑语在内的用59种非英语语言制作的视频,指导如何填写问卷。人口普查员——其中许多是双语人员——将走访那些对早期寄出的问卷未作反响的居民。

自1790年以来,美国根据宪法要求,每十年进行一次人口普查。对4月1日生活在每个家庭中的人数的统计结果,将成为决定各州的联邦众议员(U.S. House of Representative)代表人数的因素。这个结果也关系到政府对关键服务项目的拨款,如消防站、学校、医院以及道路和桥梁等。这些数据将被用于宏观统计,对具体的家庭信息予以保密。

了解更多:https://share.america.gov/zh-hans/to-count-everyone-u-s-census-is-in-many-languages/

#Census2020 – To count everyone, U.S. census is in many languages

The U.S. government is offering its census in more than a dozen languages to ensure that everyone is included in the nation’s once-a-decade population count that informs representation in Congress and spending of public resources.

“By giving households the option to respond online or by phone in English and 12 additional languages, we are giving residents the tools they need to be counted and encouraging them to shape their futures,” Steven Dillingham, director of the U.S. Census Bureau, said in a March 9 statement.

According to an American Community Survey conducted by the Census Bureau, Spanish is the second most common communication language in the United States after English, reflecting the influence of immigration structure on the state of the country. However, this questionnaire also uses German, French, Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean, Russian, Arabic, etc. to ensure that 99% of people can answer questions in the language they use at home.

About 13 million households, or about 9%, will receive bilingual questionnaires in English and Spanish. The Census Bureau also provides videos made in 59 non-English languages, including American sign language, to guide how to fill out the questionnaire. Census takers—many of whom are bilingual—will visit residents who have not responded to the questionnaires sent earlier.

Since 1790, the United States has conducted a census every ten years in accordance with the requirements of the Constitution. The results of the statistics on the number of people living in each household on April 1 will be a factor in determining the number of representatives of the U.S. House of Representatives in each state. This result is also related to government funding for key service projects, such as fire stations, schools, hospitals, and roads and bridges. These data will be used for macro-statistics to keep specific family information confidential.

Read more:

https://share.america.gov/zh-hans/to-count-everyone-u-s-census-is-in-many-languages/(美国驻华大使馆)

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