#美国历任总统# 第四十一任总统乔治·H·W·布什 (1989-1993)(美國美中報道)

1989年1月20日,首席大法官威廉·雷奎斯特在美国国会大厦西侧主持乔治·布什的就职宣誓仪式,丹·奎尔和芭芭拉·布什在旁观看。(国会图书馆)

Chief Justice William Rehnquist administering the oath of office to George Bush on the west front of the U.S. Capitol, with Dan Quayle and Barbara Bush looking on, January 20, 1989 (Library of Congress)

1989年2月25日,美国总统乔治·H·W·布什站在车上,向北京天安门广场的人群挥手致意。(美联社供图/Doug Mills,档案)

In this Feb. 25, 1989, file photo, the U.S. President George H.W. Bush stands on his car and waves to crowds in Tiananmen Square in Beijing. (AP Photo/Doug Mills, File)

1989年2月25日这张档案照中,中国总理李鹏(左)看着美国总统乔治·H·W·布什试骑两辆新“飞鸽”牌自行车的其中一辆,这两辆自行车由李鹏赠送给美国总统和第一夫人。(美联社照片/Doug Mills,档案)

In this Feb. 25, 1989, file photo, China’s Premier Li Peng, left, watches U.S. President George H.W. Bush, try out one of two new “Flying Pigeon” bikes presented by Peng, left, for the President and the First Lady in Beijing. (AP Photo/Doug Mills, File)

1975年12月7日,美国驻华联络处前主任乔治·H·W·布什在中国北京机场告别,即将前往华盛顿D.C.(美联社供图)

George H.W. Bush, former chief of U.S. Liaison mission in Beijing, bids a final farewell at Beijing Airport in China, as he is about to depart for Washington, D.C., Dec. 7, 1975. (AP Photo)

1984年,罗纳德·里根总统和乔治·赫伯特·沃克·布什出席共和党全国代表大会(Republican National Convention),再次竞选总统和副总统。(© Corbis via Getty Images)

President Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush, nominees for re-election as president and vice president, at the Republican National Convention in 1984. (© Corbis/Getty Images)

乔治·赫伯特·沃克·布什 (George Herbert Walker Bush)作为美国驻联合国大使出席1971年在纽约(New York)举行的联合国大会(U.N. General Assembly)。(© Getty Images)

George H.W. Bush, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, listens to a speaker during a 1971 session of the U.N. General Assembly in New York. (© Bettmann/Getty Images)

#美国总统# 第四十一任总统乔治·H·W·布什 (1989-1993)

乔治·H·W·布什(George H. W. Bush)是第41任总统(1989-1993年),他为白宫带来了美国的传统价值观,并在面临一个急剧变化的世界时,决心用这些价值观使美国成为“一个更友善、更温和的国家”。

布什18岁那年入伍。第二次世界大战期间,他作为鱼雷轰炸机飞行员在太平洋上执行任务,被日本防空炮火击落,并被美国潜艇从海中救出。他因英勇战斗而被授予杰出飞行十字勋章。

在出任总统之前,布什被任命一系列高级职位:驻联合国大使、共和党全国委员会主席、美国驻中华人民共和国联络处主任、中央情报局局长。

1988年,布什在大选中击败了对手迈克尔·杜卡基斯(Michael Dukakis)。

布什最大的考验是伊拉克总统萨达姆·侯赛因(Saddam Hussein)入侵科威特,然后威胁要进入沙特阿拉伯。布什誓言让科威特自由,集结了联合国、美国人民和美国国会,并派遣了42.5万名美军。来自盟友国的11.8万名士兵加入了他们的行列。经过数周的空中和导弹轰炸,被称为“沙漠风暴”的长达100小时的陆地作战将伊拉克的百万陆军击溃。

布什和他的妻子芭芭拉(Barbara)育有六个孩子,其中包括成为美国第43任总统的乔治·W·布什(George W. Bush)。

布什于2018年11月30日去世,享年94岁。

明天,我们将分享下一任总统威廉·J·克林顿(William J. Clinton)的故事。#美国历任总统#

#U.S. Presidents# (#41) George H. W. Bush (1989-1993)

George H. W. Bush, as the 41st President (1989-1993), brought to the White House a dedication to traditional American values and a determination to direct them toward making the United States “a kinder and gentler nation” in the face of a dramatically changing world.

At age 18, Bush was enlisted in the armed forces. On one mission during World War II over the Pacific as a torpedo bomber pilot he was shot down by Japanese antiaircraft fire and was rescued from the water by a U.S. submarine. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for bravery in action.

Before becoming president, Bush was appointed to a series of high-level positions: Ambassador to the United Nations, Chairman of the Republican National Committee, Chief of the U. S. Liaison Office in the People’s Republic of China, and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.

In 1988 Bush defeated opponent Michael Dukakis in the general election.

Bush’s greatest test came when Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, then threatened to move into Saudi Arabia. Vowing to free Kuwait, Bush rallied the United Nations, the U. S. people, and Congress and sent 425,000 American troops. They were joined by 118,000 troops from allied nations. After weeks of air and missile bombardment, the 100-hour land battle dubbed Desert Storm routed Iraq’s million-man army.

Bush and his wife Barbara had six children, including George W. Bush, who became the 43rd President of the United States.

Bush passed away on November 30, 2018, at the age of 94.

Tomorrow, we will share about the next President – William J. Clinton.  #Presidents of the U.S.#

https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/presidents/george-h-w-bush/

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